niissesti Naŝini

politics in Nashina

        Traditionally, each village was organised in so-called oppëka (community), having ratta (council). Ratta included all adult men and women, where the oldest as informal head had the title Toottu (Grand-father).

        During end of VIII. and in the IX. century, principalities (eetäeessäristöppö) were established and ruled by local princes (eetäeessärü). Function of Toottu was substituted by eetäeessärü and under influence of Christianity he had informal titel Otu (Father), Ratta became group of his closest lords with title eetärää (warlords). The new situation also rose the differencies between society members, some of them became richer with greater influence, some of them fell down to dependency. The new class of rich lords (ooltaraa) appeared, some of them already being eetärää.

        1003 E.C., Kolëna Ratta (Supreme Council; right of the Highest Priest to propose important things to principals), was called to Sëttikortu by the Highest Priest Peleetu to decided about a choise of one man as a leader of all Nassians. Supreme Council decided to nominate vooar Noviniss Booan Mirslav Sviitslaviss as the first rettäru (king) of all Nassland. Former radas and vöövesärs created new Rettärekä Ratta, future base of High Estates. The king settled to Sëttikortu, as the High Priest insists to make the connection of king to God stronger.

        With king, the first set of written law appeared, in 1156 during the reign of king Vesnesläv, substituing the old common law, traded orally by Grand-fathers in local councils (ratti). The common law of Sëttikortu was base for The Law (Süleccö), extended by norms discussed by Rettärekä Ratta.

        After the political situation got calmer in Nassland after Swedish occupation in 1550, Sweden introduced the new written Law (Grundlag / Laku, No Süleccö), creating the constitutional Nassland Kingdom under direct Swedish protectorate; Nassland became protectorate of Sweden, its feudatory. There was Nassian king elected, but along with him also the Swedish lord-protector was present, who was appointing chancellors/prime ministers. The status of NK was Associate Feudatory. There was an one-chamber parliament, Rettärekä Ratta (Royal Council), re-constructed older estate-council. The Parliament members were not elected, but appointed through feudatory, territory based system, copied form estate-council.

        With more relaxed tides between Sweden and Nassland, Sweden had changed authority of the protector to a consultant. Nassian Kingdom thus became Associate Full under new Royal Law (Kungslag / Kuneku Laku, Rettärekö Süleccö), having one-chamber parliament (Kungsdagen / Kunëka Taka, Rettärekä Ratta) with new system of valgkammaren / aalkamara, oolëna kamara (voting curia) and parliamentary elections (once per 7 years).

        Oolënii kamaro were organised on the base of total sum of taxes paid per 7 years by individual citizen (valgskatt / aalëkata, kamarëna tatta) and territorial affiliation. Members of curiae could be only men older than 25 years with minimum valskatt of 75 rigsdalers (restalëraa). There were five curiae; the lower valgskatt, the lower was also number of votes per curia. Total number of deputies was 101, out of them one quatter was elected by the curia of the richest citizens.

        Then, in the revolutionary year 1848, Rettärekä Ratta was dismissed and new Usa Ratta (High Council) assembled. King was forced to abdicate, Viborg became again Sëttikortu and Nasëku Eesemirü (State of Nassland) was proclaimed. That time, it was presidential republic under Eesemirekö Süleccö (State Law) with one-chamber parliament (Usa Ratta), elected each 6 years. The curiae system was abolished and was substitued with system of valgparter / aalparto, oolënii centö, i.e. buds of political parties. Valgparter were constituted around political leaders, recruited from former curiae. Each valparten could nominate as many candidates as it would like. Ballots contained names of all candidates from all valgparter and voters just marked three chosen candidates. Candidates with the highest number of votes were apointed as deputies, untill number of deputies (121) was reached. Electors were now men, who shown they are able to read and write. This political system remained from 1848 till 1940 and 1949 till 1952 with minor changes. In elections 1884, political parties were established, each party has its own ballot and elector can mark three deputy from only one party. In elections 1908, woman suffrage was applied, being heavily discussed and after long fight approved in 1906. In Parliament 1926-1932, president resigned to some of his executive rights in a favour of prime minister, formerly only governmental co-ordinator. The after-war elections in 1949 were the last one in this system.

        Meanwhile, small pro-Russian extreme right-wing party Ladoga suggested in almost desorientated Parliament to create a national front, unified political party - Solvenska Iznovorodena Četa / Solëënika Issenorottëna Centä (SIC, Slavic Renessaince Party), and together withstand the Russian agression. After cease-fire and peace treaty with Russia, puppet pro-SNOR government of SIS was approved along with Suležo Solvenska Gosudaristova / Süleccö Solëënika Eesemirä (Constitution of Slavonic State) in which Parliament was dismissed.

        In 1952, the political system changed a lot. People were touched by the war and demanded bigger independence and more responsible political system. In actual constitution, No Süleccö, administrative and legislative changes abolished status of representative democracy of political party. Country was decentralised by division into election, court and police districts (obkraai); the basic unit is community, then only state. Political parties were dissolved, 1/3 of parliament deputies are elected each 2 years, prime minister and ministers are elected by one-chamber Parliament (Ratta) of 101 deputies for 2 years (might be re-elected). Deputies are elected directly in twice two rounds. Each Parliament deputy is retractable by his electors /territorial principle, secret adressive ballots/, since decisions of Parliament are also not secret. The election campaigns are banned and the voting is compulsory, epistolary and includes so-called white ballots. The prime minister is also the representative of the state on international scene.


        general movements/parties

Nasistoppo (Hjortmännen; NA, Nassian Movement) - former independency movement, one the two first political parties; divorced later on into Nistoppo and Centä Peelenä

Rigsmännen (Ressäki; RM, Royal Movement); Swedish royalistic movement, later divorced to Nye Rigspartiet and Folk party

           Nassian parties

Nistoppo (NO, New Movement) – nationalistic liberals
Centä Peelenä (CP, Party of White Reindeer) – conservative pro-Scandinavian royalists party
Orbassa Centä (OSS, Worker's Party) – left centristic
Isseperü Lutta (IL, People's Committee) – extreme leftists
Tirnëna Torka (TD, Thorny Way) – right centrists; christians
Supiika Ceremö (SC, Horizont Union) – parlour socialists
Centä Süleccä (CS, Constitutional Party) – liberals
Centä Eesenä (CE, Country Party) – right centrists; farmers
Sööppinenä Torka (SD, Free Way) – right centrists; craftsmen and bussinessmen

           Scandinavian/Swedish parties

Nye Rigspartiet (NYRI, New Royal Party) - conservative royalists, in 1908 renamed to Nyrigspartiet (NYPA)
Folk Party (FOPA, People's Party) - liberals
Arbetar Party (ARPA, Worker's Party) - left centrists
Party den Förening (PAFÖ, Union Party) - extreme radical unionists
Näringsidkaren Party (NÄPA, Businessman Party) - right centrists; craftsmen and bussinessmen

           Finnish parties

Maalaisliitto (MAA, Farmer's Union) - right centrists
Suomen Työväki (ST, Workers Party) - left centrists
Suomen Puolue (SP, Nationalistic Party) - nationalistic centrists
Kansalaispuolue (KP, Citizen Party) - liberals

           Russian/Ladogian parties

Ladoga (LA) - extreme pro-Russian party. During the Ice War with Russian in 1939-1940, Ladoga initiated creation of so-called National Salvation Front as Solvenska Iznovorodena Četa / Solëënika Issenorottëna Centä (SIC, Slavic Renessaince Party). This politcal party existed during Russian occupation 1940-1948, when it was disbanded and banned.

Ladozhskaya Socialjno-demokraticheskaya partiya (LSDP) / Ladožeka Socálno-Demokrateka Četa (LSDS) - (LPLC; Lattokkëka Parëno-Luttëka Centä) - left centrists

Svoboda Ladogy (SL) - (Sööppinä Lattokkö) - liberals


table of election results - number of deputies per political party

green bold fields - coalition parties (> 61 out of 121 deputies) or wine-red fields (minority governments)

red fields - banned parties, white fields - parties without mandates, black fields - party did/does not exist

abbrev.
1848 1854 1860 1866 1872 1878 1884 1890 1896 1902 1908 1914 1920 1926 1932 1938 1949
NA
75
81
83
79
85
85
74
                   
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
54
51
52
48
44
17
18
12
11
9
CP
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22
19
18
20
17
13
14
9
7
 
OSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11
9
9
8
9
7
8
15
13
9
IL
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
2
 
TD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
2
2
3
3
3
4
3
 
SC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
2
2
2
2
1
 
 
 
CS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
3
6
9
15
47
43
45
53
70
CE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
6
6
6
6
7
7
8
6
4
SD
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
4
3
3
2
2
4
2
3
6
RM
46
40
38
42
36
36
47
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NYPA
             
9
6
2
2
2
1
2
3
2
1
FOPA
             
2
3
6
5
6
7
7
4
6
7
ARPA
             
1
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
3
3
PAFÖ
             
1
 
 
 
 
1
 
3
1
 
NÄPA
             
 
3
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
2
MAA
             
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
ST
             
4
4
3
3
4
3
4
3
5
4
SP
             
 
1
1
1
 
1
 
1
 
 
KP
             
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
LA
             
 
 
 
 
 
1
2
2
2
 
LSDP
             
 
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
2
1
SL
             
 
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
 
3

under construction
tëërëtu


last update 190807, Jan Havliš
acknowledgements: Jussi Santeri Juntila, Kristian Jensen, Benct Jonson
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