Ta Pémiš Politika
The Bohemian Politics


        The Bohemian polical scene was in the early history mostly a playground for High Estates and King and no major change of that appeared till 1805, except for attempts of Albrecht III. to supress High Estates by dismissing of Estate Council at 1704.

        The new constitution in 1805 started the change of absolutistic monarchy into monarchy constitutional, where Parliament has an legislative power, whereas government executive and king is representative of the state more than a member of the political machinery.

        Ten Noj Kénikrajchsórtnunk (New Royal Constitution) introduced a curiae parlamentary system in Bohemian Kingdom. There were no political parties, but electors were divided into five different curiae according to their state: aristocracy, clerics, clerks, magistrators, academics. Each curiae has different number of electors and also different number of votes. They elected Kénikrát (Royal Court). Each federative member elected proportional number of deputies (four members > one forth). Out of total 205 deputies, aristocracy elected 100 deputies (i.e. 4x25), clerics 20 (4x5), clerks 4 (4x1), magistrators 48 (4x12) and academics 32 (4x8), the last one was chancellor, nominated by king. The deputies elected from each federate member composed also Federate Councils, Ti Lontsráti.

         In 1848, after bourgeois revolution, the system has been changed into directly elected deputies. Every male older than 25 years disposed the right to vote. Then, first political movements appeared on the scene, quickly being transformed into political parties, which collected votes for their candidates in the elections. The first two were Ta Kénikrajchspartaj (the Royal Party) and Ta Lontfirtsšoftpartaj (the Agrarian Party).

         In 1920, the woman suffrage appeared in new Ten Pémiš Órtnunk (Bohemian Constitution).

         There were no elections in years 1940 and 1945.

           General parties

Ta Kénikrajchspartaj (KP, the Royal Party) - founded 1848 by Henrik fon Hapšpurk, brother of king Jósef. This party represent rich aristocracy and all other in a favour of ruling house. It changed into >

   > Ta Färfasunkspartaj (FP, The Constitutional Party) in 1920 after introduction of Ten Pémiš Órtnunk (Bohemianl Constitution) of queen Terésija. This party had a short life-time, since it splitted immediatelly into >

      > Ta Ernojena Färfasunkspartaj (EFP, The Re-newed Constitutional Party) EFP was conservative party not really happy with all those changes made by queen Terésija, although they remained loyal to the kingdom. The other Constitutional parties were more progressive and liberal.

      > Local branches of The Constitutional Party in federative members: Ta Pémiše Färfasunkspartaj (The Bohemian Constitutional Party), Ta Mériše Färfasunkspartaj / Partít Kustitycunj Moravlje (The Moravian Constitutional Party), Ta Šlésiše Färfasunkspartaj / Slezana Partia Konstituconała (The Silesian Constitutional Party), Ta Tešäne Färfasunkspartaj / Cieszynka Partia Koścituconała (The Teschen Constitutional Party) and Ta Lausice Färfasunkspartaj / Łužiska Wustawna Strona (The Lusatian Constitutional Party).

Ta Pémiše Färfasunkspartaj (PFP, The Bohemian Constitutional Party) - loyal liberal party in Bohemia.

Ta Lontfirtsšoftpartaj (LP, The Agrarian Party) - right wing party of rich farmers, formerly thought as a general party for all interested in farmer business, but the clash of poorer farmers with the rich one resulted in split. The new >

   > Ten Paurknosänšoft (FU, The Farmers Unity) - right wing party, represented smaller farmers as LP remained party of the rich ones.

Ta Socijálpartaj (SP, The Social Party) - left wing intelectual party found for the elections in 1853. Inspired by some philosophers, as K. Marx, they tried to introduce more of the social aspect into the politics. Nowadays the most powerful left wing party.

Ten Arpojtspunt (AP, The Work Union) - the left wing workers party, who were unsatisfied with the performance of SP, whom they mostly assigned as parlour socialists. Having golden age in the beginning of the XX. century, today it is on retreat.

Ten Färpont té Apojt (FA, The Union of Work) - a liberal businessman part in opposition to both, socialists and also conservatives.

Ti Frojsinike (FS, The Liberals) - extreme liberal party, anti-monarchistic and in strong opposition to socialists and conservatives. This is the intelectual version of FA. Nowadays the most important opposition party.

Ta Pýrkärpartaj (PP, The Civic Party) - a center party, with some ideas from socialists and some liberal ones. They have lot of Bohemian Protestant electors. Party tries not to show any similarity to EFP/xFP nor to SP.

Sijón (SION, Sion) - a jewish center party with majority of electors in Pryn and Prák.

Ten Lont unt Pótän (LUP, Country and Soil) - extreme right wing party with strong affilliation to strong centralism, military and over-all control of society.

Ta Nacijonálpartaj (NP, The National Party) - Bohemian nationalist party, similar to LP, but with stronger accent on Bohemian supremacy over other nationalities in BK.

Ta Kristlichtemokrátiše Partaj (KDP, The Christian Democratic Party) - Catholic party of the moravian Bohemians, the only Bohemian Catholics, except for Austrians in Sítmérän (South Moravia).

           German parties

Das Bund / Ten Punt (BU, Union) - extreme pan-germanic party, banned in 1949.

Deutsche Heimatspartei / Ta Tojče Hajmástpartaj (DHP, German Homeland Party) - conservative German party, banned in 1949, re-newed in 1978.

Deutsche in Böhmen / Ti Tojčän in Pémän (DB, Germans in Bohemia) - moderate centristic German party having lot of electors between Protestants in Nortfestpémän (North-west Bohemia) and Sítfestpémän (South-west Bohemia).

Volkspartei / Ta Folkspartaj (FP, The Popular Party) - mostly Austrian Catholic conservative party, in 1949 unified with KDP.

           Lusatian parties

Strona Swobodne Łužicy / Ta Partaj té Fraje Lausic (SSL, Party of Free Lusatia) - right wing autonomistic party, unified with Domowina in 1949.

Strona łužiskich dźelaćow a hórnikow / Ta Lausice Arpojtärs unt Perkmonspartaj (SLDH, Lusatian Workers and Miners Party) - left wing party for industrial and miner regions in Lusatia, in 1949 unified with SP.

Łužiska Wustawna Strona / Ta Lausice Färfasunkspartaj (LWS/LFP, The Lusatian Constitutional Party) - loyal liberal centristic party.

Domowina / Ta Hajmót (DOM, The Homeland) - centristic liberal party nowadays almost without influence, except for regional magistrates.

           Silesian parties

Slezana Partia de Laboratore i Minaři / Ta Šlésiše Arpojtärs unt Perkmonspartaj (SPLM, The Silesian Workers and Miners Party) - left wing party for industrial and miner regions in both Silesias. In 1949 unified with SP.

Slezana Partia Konstituconała / Ta Šlésiše Färfasunkspartaj (SPK/ŠFP, The Silesian Constitutional Party) - loyal liberal party in both Silesias.

Livra Slezna / Ta Frajahatna Šlésijen (LŠ, The Freedom of Silesia) - extreme nationalistic party in both Silesias claiming secession of Silesians from BK and RTC in the state of their own. Dismissed in 1977 after long-term internal conflicts.

Demokratek Muvmet de Slezani / To Temokratík Pevékunk Šlesijenärs (DMS, Democratic Movement of Silesians) - established in 1977 from the rest of LŠ to defend in collaboration with DMS in RTC the interests of the Silesian minority in Silesia.

          Teschen / Venedic parties

Wenedka Partia Naconała / Ta Fentiše Nacionálpartaj (WPN, The Venedic National Party) - secessionistic extreme nationalistic party claiming the secession of both Silesias and Teschen to RTC, dismissed in 1958 after the chairman of the Party was found guilty in 1956 for keeping illegal bank accounts abroad with suspicious financial resources.

Naty Wenedy / Ti Kintri Feneti (NV, The Children of Veneda) - moderate centristic party with strong sense for autonomy of both Silesias and Teschen. Opposes WPN.

Cieszynka Partia Koścituconała / Ta Tešäne Färfasunkspartaj (CPK/TFP, The Teschen Constitutional Party) - loyal liberal party in Teschen.

           Moravian parties

Partít Liberacuni Moravlje / Ta Mériše Frajhajtspartaj (PLM, The Moravian Freedom Party) - secessionistic extreme nationalistic party often commited with Slevanian terrorists from Póply Front pru Liberacune Slvanje. It was banned in 1953 after series of bomb attacks in Pryn, Clin and Luntänpurk proofed to be conducted by members of the terroristic wing of the party.

Front Nacunal pru Liberacune Moravlje / Ten Nacijonálfront fýr Méränsbefrejunk (FNLM) - Moravian branch of right-wing pro-SNOR Slevanian nationalistic party Front Nacunal pru Liberacune Slvanje (FNLS). Banned in 1953 along with PLM because of its extremism.

Partít Nacunale Moravlje / Ta Mériše Nacionálpartaj (PNM, The Moravian National Party) - moderate nationalistic party, claiming that Moravians are separate nation from Slevanians and Moravia should be administrated by Moravians only.

Partít Kúsztjetycuni Moravlje / Ta Mériše Färfasunkspartaj (PKM/MFP, The Moravian Constitutional Party) - loyal liberal party in Moravia.

           Czech parties

Czeskaa cesta / Ta Čechiše Vékna (CC, The Czech Way) - conservative party of the national minority, almost out of any influence, except of local administration in Kénikskrác region. This party has intensive connections to extreme nationalistic Czech party Krajani in Lithuanian Volynia (RTC), where Czechs create and importnant national minority of ca 200 000 people.


Table of election results - number of deputies per political party

green bold fields - coalition parties (> 103 out of 205 deputies) or wine-red fields (minority governments)

red fields - banned parties, white fields - parties without mandates, black fields - party did/does not exist

abbrev.
1848 1853 1858 1863 1868 1873 1878 1883 1888 1893 1898 1903 1905 1910 1915 1920 1925 1930 1935 1949 1954 1959 1964 1969 1974 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004
KP
 145
102 
94 
86 
 82
79 
 78
 76
75 
65 
57 
 50
 46
43 
40 
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
EFP
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
13
10
10 
14 
18 
19 
18 
16 
21 
22 
22 
21 
20 
20 
21 
PFP
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
15 
11 
13 
10 
20 
27 
29 
29 
22 
32 
33 
34 
33 
32 
33 
32 
LWS/LFP
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
10 
14
18 
19 
19 
15 
20 
20 
22 
22 
21 
22 
 21
SPK/ŠFP
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
14 
10 
10 
16 
18 
19 
20 
16 
23 
24 
24 
24 
23 
24 
23 
PKM/MFP
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
14 
10 
15 
18 
19 
19 
16 
22 
22 
23 
22 
21 
22 
21 
CKP/TFP
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
11 
11 
12 
14 
14
14 
13 
LP
 60
61 
42 
40 
 40
38 
35 
34 
32 
35 
33 
33 
32 
29 
29 
25 
24 
24 
22 
 -
 -
 -
-
FU
 -
 -
25 
 26
 24
 25
24 
24 
22 
24 
25 
26 
26 
25 
26 
26 
27 
28 
28 
10 
-
 -
SP
 -
 20
22 
6 
 7
8 
7
35 
35 
36 
45 
72 
33 
30 
28 
30 
32 
31 
32 
AP
 -
 -
 -
15 
17 
18 
17 
15 
15 
17 
18 
 21
22 
26 
 28
30 
31 
31 
32 
FA
 -
 -
 -
 5
 6
 7
7 
8 
10 
10 
11 
11 
11 
12 
 -
 -
-
FS
 -
 -
 -
 -
 1
1
 2
 2
3 
3
 2
18 
12 
8 
 7
12 
10 
PP
 -
-
 -
 -
4 
5 
5 
6
7 
 7
8 
4 
3
2 
13 
12 
12 
11 
10 
10 
SION
 -
 -
 -
 1
1
 2
 1
-
 -
-
LUP
 -
 1
1
1
2
-
 -
-
NP
 -
 1
 2
 2
 -
-
KDP
 -
10 
10 
 11
10 
9 
9 
10 
10
 10
10 
10 
20 
19 
21 
18 
17 
18 
16 
16 
15 
14 
15 
15 
BU
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 1
 2
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
DHP
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 2
 3
2
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
4
2
2
1
1
2
DB
 -
 -
 -
 -
 1
 1
 2
1
1
 -
-
-
 -
 -
FP
 -
10 
11 
10 
 10
10 
 9
10 
10 
 11
10 
10 
 11
11 
10 
 10
SSL
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
SLDH
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
3
4
4
5
6
6
6
6
5
6
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
DOM
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
2 
2
-
 -
SPLM
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 5
 6
7 
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 2
 -
DMS
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
WPN
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 1
1
1
 2
 2
 -
 -
 -
NV
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
1
2 
-
PLM
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
1
2
1
-
 -
 -
 -
 -
FNLM
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
PNM
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
2 
 -
 2
CC
 -
 -
 -
 -
 1
 2
 1
1

Under construction
Untr ófbó


Jan Havliš, Jan van Steenbergen, Benct Johnsson - 2004
jdqh@chemi.muni.cz