Century of a Great War and Century of Peace?
Terésija (*1896 - †1962)
The first queen on Bohemian throne was a grand-daughter of Típolt, daughter of his son Kéork (*1868 - †1917). She was enthroned in 1919. One of her first acts in 1920 was incorporation of explicit neutrality and woman suffrage into new constitution (Ten Pémiš Órtnunk). The consequences of the new constitution were several; deeper federalisation (4 > 7; split of some former federative members: Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia > Upper and Lower Silesia + Teschenland, Lusatia > Upper and Lower Lusatia), the Royal Party became Constitutional Party, loosing its tides to the House of Habsburg. She also introduced state supervised educational and health system, rising the living standard beyond common European trend. She also initiated the foundation of two new universities in Pryn (Ta Techniša Hóchšula) and Preslau (Ta Politechnikšula). Generally, she started to release the tides of royal power to the state administration up to liberal constitutional monarchy, as her grand-grandfather and grandfather started.
BK was threaten from 1933 by German nationalistic administration, later lead by A. Hessler, to either submit in a name of pan-germanism or to be invaded. Although BK was still formally member of HRE since its founding, its allegiance to it was pure formal. "Heims in Reich" was the slogan of German administration and in 1934 Austria subdued to it. Bohemian language was seen just as a weird dialect of German and the same result as for Austria was expected. In Lipov-von Korff Treaty, BK was in an interest sphere of HRE. BK did not answer German threats, because the border fortress system needed to ensure its security. It was built from 1921 as an answer on GW1 and in the spirit of a new defence strategy. BK should withstand the attack of HRE at least till international community will react. But then, in 1935 HRE attacked Helvetia and no-one said a single word. Then, Hungary joined Allianz in 1937. So, BK was next in a line. Germans and Allianz stationed troops all around the BK borders as a mean of pressure. Then, under the lead of HRE secret services, Ten Punt (das Bund, small pan-germanic party) initiated on 2nd April 1939 coup d'etat. Queen Terésija was put under home arrest and her brother Herpärt / Herbert (*1900 - †1956) became under pressure prince-regent of new Königreich der Böhmischen Kronländer. Some of the top polititians managed to left to FK through Veneda, some collaborated with new regime. In FK, exile goverment was formed in May 1939 and since September 1939 belonged BK to Allies.
After occupation, Reichsbank set a fixed exchange ratio between Reichsmark and new Krone. Police was pacified, along with other parts of former administration. KBK officially owned to HRE membership. It remained formally independent untill new legislative order, but de facto it was occupied. The collaborating government has formaly joined Allianz on 19th April 1939, because the Bohemian army was changed into harmless corpus of 30 000 fashion uniformed parade soldiers.
The heavy fortresses were prepared to stay from few weeks up to two months without contact. Germany tried several times to siege them, but unsuccessfully. Meanwhile, they destroyed all light bunkers, imprisoned all officers and dearmed former BK army. Although around 30% of heavy fortresses never surrended, they were all captured by July 1939, either because the crew left some them in secrecy or commited mass suicide after depletion of ammunition. Since it was almost imposible to destroy them en mass, they were stationed by guards. These fortresses were source of the national resistance, as the people were oppressed by German rule. Slowly, the partisans were able to move to inland forests and hills, especially in South Bohemia, North Moravia and Bohemian-Moravian Hills. Strong resistence was also in Venedic parts, in Silesia and Moravia. Partisans also used some of these fortresses as bunkers, after exterminations of its guards. Although people resisted in BK, partisans never had a good control over any region as in a case of e.g. partisan movement in Nashina. Bohemian Kingdom was liberated as one of the last countries in Europe by combined powers of SR, FK, RTC and France assisting Ten Prákär Nacjonál Ófštant (Prague National Uprising) in March 1949.
During the GW2, Czech nationalistic paramilitaristic organisation in Russia, White Legion (Bjlaa Legie), was re-newed and Legionaarzi were known for their fierce way of fighting and hate for everything German/Bohemian. Their leader, general Ludwjk Swoboda even lobbied for Russia to take over Bohemia after Veneda and incorporate it into SNORistic Eastern Europe as Czeskoslowansko (Czechoslavia). He was a president of self-pronounced pro-SNOR government in 1948. Fortunatelly, it never came to function. After Congress in Visby, these plans were dead.
Also, after the war, as a conclusion
of Congress in Visby, Terésija continued her reign,
as there were no KBK. Herpärt was arrested after the war and in 1956
he committed suicide in the prison.
Ernšt (*1929 - †1969)
Son of Terésija, he entered throne in 1959, being 30 years old. He ruled without any special deads till 1969, when he died childless.
Kristína (*1947 - †2002)
Queen from 1969, daughter of Herpärt, she abdicated in favour of her daughter Katerína in 1991. After the death of her father Ernšt, on the wave of unrest of young generation, which stroke whole Europe, demands to abolish monarchy appeared. Several huge demonstrations of mostly university students and intelectuals supported by Ti Frojsinike (The Liberals), Ta Pýrkärpartaj (The Civic Party) and Ta Socijálpartaj (The Social Party), which parties won parliamentary elections, but were forced to compose minority government, thus were seriously limited. They hope, that destabilisation will lead to new elections, change of constitution and better outcome of these for this coalition. Queen Kristína showed exceptional talent for diplomacy and politics. In a serie of discussions, public manifestations and other actions, she calmed down the unrest. She became so popular, that the ruling co-alition after five years of ruling totaly failed in elections 1974. She also started process of composition with the GW2. She, as a daughter of prince-regent Herpärt, a sad character in the history of BK, initiated the new look on this particular period. Instead of bitterness and simple cut of it, she forced people to see as a heroic time of struggle and her father to be a man, who faced the fate, regardless how terrible and ungratefull it was. The quiet submission and continous passive resistence was said to be better than real bitter defeat in battlefield and following repressions from the side of Germans.
Katerína (*1970 - today)
Actual Bohemian queen since 1991. During her reign in 2004, Bohemian government decided to join European Federation. Bohemia should introduce EF currency in short time; the koldän will be abandoned and new system will be introduced: 1 króna (K) = 20 krojcärni (k) = 240 helärni. The EF should be challange for the Bohemian economy, which is quite strong, but still protectionistically hidden behind walls of duty tariffs and other prescriptions of our Finances Ministry; competition should bring a fresh wind in the Bohemian valley.
In 2004 also, Ta Socijálpartaj (The Social Party), Ti Frojsinike (The Liberals), Ta Pýrkärpartaj (The Civic Party) and Partít Nacunale Moravlje (The Moravian National Party) came out with proposal to divide Pémän (Bohemia) into two administrative parts - Prákärlont (Prague-land) and Pémän (Bohemian), and to divide Mérän (Moravia) into two parts - Vestmérän (West Moravia) and Ostmérän (East Moravia), where mostly the Moravians are living. The presenters do speak about effective administration, more justice distribution of taxes and of course they play the nationalistic string. In parliamentary lobbies could be heard, that local representatives of Partít Kúsztjetycuni Moravlje / Ta Mériše Färfasunkspartaj (The Moravian Constitutional Party) and Ta Pémiše Färfasunkspartaj (The Bohemian Constitutional Party), who are not yet in any legislative or executive institution are expecting to get to the gravy train. So, some support is expected from our Constitutional Party, namely from those industrious Moravian and Bohemian politicians, who think that power is never enough.
Havliš, Jan van Steenbergen, Ferenc