niitika Nasino

history of Nassland


hectic century and new future
20th - 21st cc
hist3

    XX. century was a hectic one. Great industrial states advanced far before smaller countries. NV was reasonably industrialised, but the economical situation was not easy. The main trade partners were United Scandinavia and Russia. Since bolshevik revolution in 1918, the Russians have had enough internal problems and Scandinavian Realm prefered to trade with continental Europe.

    In the GW1, NV escaped the necessity of military efforts, since once White Army defeated bolsheviks and there was no war in the region. Bolsheviks were defeated by White Army in combination with German Army, which had free hands after November 11, 1918 in Western Europe. Lots of Russian communists fled to Nashina expecially from Sankt Peterburg. Their community is especially in and around town Nevberg on a west coast of Lake Nevo.

    GW2 started for NV in November 1939, when SNORistic Russia opened The Ice War against NV. It was a consequence of the Lipov-von Korff Treaty. Only because of the brave Nashs soldiers, tough winter and confused Russian HQ, NV was able to hold on so called Forrest defensive line against Russians till February 1940, loosing mostly in Karala (Karjala/Karelia). But then the spring came and the Forrest line was broken through. Legitimate government fled to SR, but initially was not recognised by SR official sites. Russians stopped the pressure for a short time. Meanwhile, small pro-Russian extreme right-wing party Ladoga suggested in almost desorientated Parliament to create a national front, unified political party - Slavjenska Iznovorodjena Starana / Slovëska Izınovırodëna Ssestä (SIS, Slavic Renessaince Party), and together withstand the Russian agression. Immediatelly after constitution of SIS, Russians proposed cease-fire treaty to the new goverment; SIS accepted on 3rd March 1940. Negotiations about the peace treaty were conducted somewhere in Russia. The conditions were suicidal for NV: Puppet pro-SNOR government of SIS was approved along with Zakon Slavjenskogo Gasudarstva / Zakon Slovëskëgo Vesemirä (Constitution of Slavonic State), Parliament was dismissed, army and navy disarmed, NV was forced to withdraw from Baltic League and Slavjenske Gasudarstvo Naŝini / Slovësk Vesemir Naŝini (SVN, Slavonic State of Nashsland) was proclaimed. SVN promply signed friendship treaty with Russia, which ended with Russian troops located in SVN and full economical dependence of the "new" state on Russia. Couriously, newly created administration of Educational ministry introduced change of literary language based on southern dialects, said to be "untouched by non-slavonic impurities". In fact, those dialects were heavily influenced by Russian and relatively unintelligible for majority of population (e.g. novaja rjeĉ naŝskix vs. nova rektä naŝinassov). Although the official press was in the new language (novaja rjeĉ), people ostentatively ignored it in private. This was preliminary Russian experiment on how to treat in future occupied Slavonic countries in respect to possible problems on international diplomatic scene. Even lots of alocated Russian soldiers cannot prevent strong partisan movement in the vast forests, which was called Second Line /of defence/ (Vterä Ŝŝara). They caused quite a few problems to SIS in SVN.

     Even before the war broke up between Russia and Germany in 1943, government of NV in exile was contacted in SR by German diplomacy. Germans offered liberation of NV from Russian and its full independency, although they did not plan it at all, if NV allows Germans to use territory of NV to attack Russia from north. NV exile government did not agree; they only used limited offers of weapons, which were used as a bribery. The situation became almost hopeless, when Russia signed separate peace with Allies in 1946. Shotly after German attack on Rygen, SR entered the GW2. Because of the separate peace with Russia, NV exile goverment was not even now officially recognised, but SR's security and economical interests decided for deeper support of Nashsland independency even before Rygen incident. Combined forces of Vterä Ŝŝara and Novë Vooëno Naŝini (New Nashsland's Army, built secretly of exile soldiers and partisans with heavy SR support) initiated anti-SIS and anti-Russian revolt started in late April 1948 and in few months, middle August 1948, NV was almost liberated (except of local fightings between the NVN and SIStic leftovers) and provisional government of Nashsland was established in Budënov. Russia was fully occupied in East Europe with its new acquisitions and with war on Far East, so it would not like to risk next war with Allies, since SR was the first, who officially recognised the new NV government. On meeting in Visby, November 1948, especially after German nuking of Łódź, Russia issued démenti about prepared counter-actions in Nashsland and approved status quo with exception that strict neutrality must be part of the new constitution. In fact, Nashs' army cannot operate on a territory of other sovereign country, until this country declares war on NV. Nashsland can be member of defensive and economical alliances (Cooperation Treaty between Russia, SU and NV, 1953). In January 1949, the first after-war parliamentary elections were conducted in renewed Parliament.

     In 1952, the political system changed a lot. People were touched by the war and demanded bigger independence and more responsible political system. In actual constitution, Nov Zakon, administrative and legislative changes abolished status of representative democracy. Country was decentralised by division into election, court and police districts (obkraai); the basic unit is community, then only state. Political parties were dissolved, 1/3 of parliament deputies are elected each 2 years, prime minister and ministers are elected by one-chamber Parliament (Rada) of 101 deputies for 2 years (might be re-elected). Deputies are elected directly in twice two rounds. Each Parliament deputy is retractable by his electors /territorial principle, not secret ballot/, since decisions of Parliament are also not secret. The election campaigns are banned and the voting is compulsory, epistolary and includes so-called white ballots. The prime minister is also the representative of the state on international scene. The Economical Association Treaty of 1849 was re-newed, NV remained part of the Scandinavian Economical Union, having bound its currency to Rigsdaler and rich customs agreements with SR. NV also re-joined Baltic League (Biilmorska Spooissa) in 1953.

     Nowadays Nashsland is land of rocks, lakes and forests, what supports heavy turism. The nature in NV is still well kept, e.g. most widely spread animals are still elk, northern deer, bear, wild-boar, hare, squirrel, wolf; birds are wood-grouse, black-grouse, hazel-grouse, partridge. Economically, NV is rich in mineral resources. More than 50 types of minerals are located in more than 400 deposits: iron ore, vanadium, molybdenum, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, diamonds, mica, construction materials (granite, marble, diabasis), graphite, clay, appatit-carbonate ore and asbest. Industry uses mostly local natural resources (forest, wood-processing, pulp and paper, ferrous metallurgy, construction materials industry, furniture, aluminum and textiles), and also imported raw materials (machinery making and non-ferrous metallurgy). Besides these, NV has also shipbuilding and repair yards. NV is also rich in resources of fresh water - 90 thousand cubic meters per citizen and year. Total resources of surface waters are 400 millions cubic meters. They are characterised by poor mineralisation and weak level of self-purification. Recently the water situation has been rather stable. For today the most important problem is purification of sewage waters from industry and communities. Power for industry is supplied by many short, rapid rivers.

     Agriculture is generally hampered by cold climate and poor soil. The arable land occupies about 280 000 ha. Forested area is equal to about 60 % and water ca 30 % of the total area. Agriculture contributes to a considerable nutrient load, due to a high application rate of N/P fertilisers. Good agricultural conditions are only in the south, where wheat, rye, barley, oats, maize, potatoes, fodder grasses and vegetables are grown; dairy farming and livestock raising are also carried on.


last update 190807, Jan Havliš
acknowledgments: Kristian Jensen, Jussi Santeri Junttila, Jan van Steenbergen
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