niitika Nasino

history of Nassland

the last king; long live freedom!
19th cc

    With forthcoming time of peace, the tides between Sweden and Nashsland were more relaxed. Because Sweden had enough problems with situation around king Gustav IV., in 1808, Sweden had changed authority of the protector to a consultant. Naŝısk Redärstvö thus became Associate Full under new Royal Law (Kungslag / Kinısk Lak, Redärsk Zakon), having one-chamber parliament (Kungsdagen / Kinska Taka, Redärskä Rada) with new system of valgkammaren / valkamara, volına kamara (voting curia) and parliamentary elections (once per 7 years). Naŝısk Redärstvö (Kingdom of Nashsland) was proclaimed with pro-Swedish king Drovslav.

    Volıne kamari were organised on the base of total sum of taxes paid per 7 years by individual citizen (valgskatt / valska, kamarana dana) and territorial affiliation. Members of curiae could be only men older than 25 years with minimum valgskatt of 75 rigsdalers (rikstalëri). There were five curiae; the lower valgskatt, the lower was also number of votes per curia. Total number of deputies was 101, out of them one quatter was elected by the curia of the richest citizens.

    In the new constitution, also the change of traditional names was introduced. The noval administration demanded names to be significant for family, so all members of the closest patrilinear branches has to have the same surname. Former system ŝŝelstvö (community affiliation), spolstvo (estate affiliation), eme (name) and otëssıstvo (father's name) was transformed into eme (name), otëssıstvo (father's name) and eme rodënë (surname); ŝŝelstvö and spolstvo were not official, but were not illegal.

    Around that time, Russian tzar Alexander felt, he is to save Europe from Napoleon. Alexander's feeling to Napoleon were mixed, he envied him as rival and despised him as haughty man. More, Alexander thought about himself, that because of mystical devoutness, Russia is called to bring peace to Europe and world by crushing Napoleon. This peace bring but compatible with anexing Naŝıskı Redärstvö, Balkan Slavs, Besarabia and later Middle Asia. Russia suffered a lot by the brake of trade between Germany and England on one side and Russia on the other. Alexander thought that Sweden is enough week, so he started to defeat it in NR, but failed. His only success was on southern front, on Balkane and in Middle Asia.

    Alexander launched 1809 attack on NR. King Drovslav and his Redärskä Rada were not able to oppose Russia. Sweden tried not to openly interfere with Russia, being in serious political troubles. To solve the horrible situation, Redärskä Rada offered Napoleon to host French troops in exchange for protection. Napoleon happily agreed and the Treaty of Hospitality was signed. When the first French soldiers were stationed in Viborg (Sedigord), Alexander immediatelly retracted his men. In that time, Dano-Norwegian king Frederik VI. entered Swedish throne instead of Karl, Gustav's uncle. Since Dano-Norwegians were neutral to Napoleon, the resulting situation was also not completelly acceptable for new Scandinavian Union. SU proposed Nashsland to guarantee its independency, but French troops must leave. Redärskä Rada then offered a Scandinavian Peace Treaty to Scandinavian Union, Russia and France to keep status quo, in exception, that French troops will leave, although the previous Treaty of Hospitality should not be cancelled. The new treaty was signed in St. Petersburg in 1810. Later, this treaty was approved by Congress of Vienna.

    Then, in the revolutionary year 1848, Redärskä Rada was dismissed and new Visoka Rada (High Council) assembled. King was forced to abdicate, Viborg became again Sëdigord and Naŝısk Vesemir (State of Nashsland) was proclaimed. Nashsland became an independent state after 400 years under Swedish protectorate. That time, it was presidential republic under Vesemirısk Zakon (State Law) with one-chamber parliament (Visoka Rada), elected each 6 years. The curiae system was abolished and was substitued with system of valgparter / valparti, volınë ssesti, i.e. buds of political parties. Valgparter were constituted around political leaders, recruited from former curiae. Each valgparten could nominate as many candidates as it would like. Ballots contained names of all candidates from all valgparter and voters just marked three chosen candidates. Candidates with the highest number of votes were apointed as deputies, untill number of deputies (121) was reached. Electors were now men, who shown they are able to read and write. This political system remained from 1848 till 1940 and 1949 till 1952 with minor changes. In elections 1884, political parties were established, each party has its own ballot and elector can mark three deputy from only one party. In elections 1908, woman suffrage was applied, being heavily discussed and after long fight approved in 1906. In Parliament 1923-1928, president resigned to some of his executive rights in a favour of prime minister, formerly only governmental co-ordinator. The after-war elections in 1949 were the last one in this system.

     Because of the Scandinavian Peace Treaty, neither SU nor Russia responded immediatelly to proclamation of NV. NV suggested to change its status in new Rigsfælleskab to Associate Independent. The old bittery between Sweden and Nashsland being accumulated, Nashs have never forgotten that they were conquered, although the Swedes never treated them wrong. This new status should be expressed only through introduction of naŝısk own currency bound to rigsdaler, just because SR and NV are the most important business partners. Rigsmål (riksmol, rezısk ezüük) should be business/commerce language, dealing with other members of the Scandinavian Economivcal Union. But the negotiations were difficult. At the end, in 1849, NV and SR signed so-called Economical Association Treaty, which took NV out of the Rigsfælleskab, but built an economical bound between these countries. In fact, this treaty contained almost all original proposals of NV: sarstika is bound to Rigsdaler and Rigsmål is the commerce language (NV is member of SEU); NV is not obliged by SR foreign policy, but is encouraged to consult all its steps on diplomatic scene; NV is not obliged by SR military policy.

    The late XIX. century was time of industrialisation, political and cultural revolutions, and massive development of country. On the other hand, the famine in 1869 in combination with rising population and economical troubles of young capitalism caused emigration, mostly to North American League and New Sweden.

    Finnish national movement started as a cultural and political force in Nashsland. The strong Finnic minority was a result of foundation of Kotka port in 1860 on the island of the same name. The rich forrests and ideal transportation route, river Kuuma, were on Nashian territory because of the vague statements in old Border Treaty from 1323, which was only slightly, but incompletely revised in 1550. The Economical Association Treaty dictated Nashina to protect any SU enterprises in NV and to allow them to use transportation routes for free. Because of political and economical reasons, lots of Finns came to work in Kotka and wood processing industry in western Nashina. Later also few farmers came. Some top Nashian politics used Finnic card as minority nation in their political games against SU after 1884. They granted Finns minority rights on all territory of Nashina and the Finnish cultural uprise was supported with Nashian governmental money by means of founding the The Finnish Academy (Suomalainen Akatemia).

last update 190807, Jan Havliš
acknowledgments: Kristian Jensen, Jussi Santeri Junttila, Jan van Steenbergen