niitika Nasino

history of Nassland

era of challenge; Hanseatic League
13th - 15th cc

    During the reign of Russian knjaz Yuri II. Voljamirov (1237 - 1242), Mongols started to conquer Russia. Since lots of fleeing Russians found new home in south of N. Kingdom and since Yuri II. pledges allegiance to N. king, Nashsland helped Russians to hold the Mongols. Although intially the alliance was successfull, then in big battle near Kalka, 1242, the combined forces of Nashs and Russians were defeated by Turco-Tataric armies lead by chan Batu and for long time the southern and east regions of Russia became occupied by Turco-Tataric hords. Some parts on south-east of Nashsland were also taxed by the chan's raiders, so-called ŝŝislitari.

    Since Kingdom of Finland fought with Swedish invasions, which started early in XII. century with king Sverker, Nashs had enough strength to sustain Mongol intrusions. The raids on Kingdom of Finland were not a major problem for Kingdom of Nashs until first massive invasion in 1240 of Swedish king Erik Eriksson, which was stopped on Niiva river with a help of Alexander Nevskij. Next, combined Nashian and Russian forces defeated by Chudskoje Ozero (Peipus) 1242 the Livonian Order of German Knights, who tried to direct their evangelisation by sword more north and east. Later on, the campaign to subdue KF in 1280 lead by king Magnus Birgersson Ladulås, lead to the defeat of KF and to definite incorporation of Finland into Sweden in 1323. That time, Nashs were able to stop Swedes in a try to go further east signing the Border Treaty, which e.g. vaguely sets river Kuuma (Kymi *here*) as a border river.

    In the year 1255, in the city of Lübeck, the N. Kingdom, represented by royal chancellor (Prv Radar Redärskä Radi), signed treaty with Hanseatic League (Düdesche Hanse; Xansa) about Sedigord entering the League as a full member. Nashsland's port Sedigord and system of inland on-water transportation became important economical boost for near future, allowing to hold the position of independent country and respected trade partner in North.

COA of Sedigord as a Hanseatic town

    Last common effort of Russian and Nashian forces was successfull defence of Novgorod in 1348 against Swedish king Magnus Eriksson, who was defeated by attemp to size the town, using the advantage of shore invasion in Baltic Sea, avoiding thus Nashsland territory.

    In the late August 1352 was Sedigord striken by the black death plague. Almost one half of the population on south died because of it. The vast north was more or less untouched.

    With the decay of Mongol power, Nashsland gained again significant influence in the nothern Russian territories in XIII. and XIV. centuries, compensating thus the loss of Finland. Russia was endangered from several directions; from southeast by Turco-Tatars, from west by Lithuanians. Weak rulers were not able to sustain such a pressure. Situation changed in the middle of XV. century. During the campaign of  Ivan III. against Novgorod in 1471-1478, Nashs, who held influence in the city, were defeated by Russian army on river Šelona 1471 and pushed back behind Niiva. Novgorod itself was plundered 1478. Since these times, the good relations to Russia were mostly lost.

last update 190807, Jan Havliš
acknowledgments: Kristian Jensen, Jussi Santeri Junttila, Jan van Steenbergen