Ti másni, kvichtni unt férunki

Measures, weights and currencies


Weights and Measures in Ill Bethisad

Currencies in Ill Bethisad

     People in Bohemian Kingdom used different measures and weight during the history. We summarise in these tables two systems. The first one is based on old Czech system introduced during the reign of Charles IV. of Luxembourg. It was reformulated 1705 in Bohemian Way act of king Albrecht III. The second system is Systéme International, introduced 1875 in Paris and adopted 1877 in Bohemian legislative. The names of the historical measures and weights are in Czech, German and Bohemian. Measures, which were not in the old system, are not listed.


Measures of Length

historical unit

conversion

metric value (m)

čárka, r Strich, štrich (S)

1 S = 1/12 Z = 1/144 E

0.00410

palec, r Zahn, cán (Z)

1 Z = 1/24 E

0.02470

stopa, s Fuss, fusna (F)

1 F = 1/2 E

0.29673

loket, e Elle, elna (E)

1 E = 24 Z

0.59270

sáh, e Klafter, kloftna (K)

1 K = 3 E = 72 Z

1.77780

prut, e Barre, bára (B)

1 B = 8 E = 16 F

4.74200

provazec, e Leine, lejna (L) 1 L = 52 E 30.8200

míla, e Meile, mejlna (M)

1124.95

current unit

conversion

metric value (m)
klejnnojštrich, UNCICULA (uuc)   0.000001283

holpnojštrich, SESTICULA (sc)

0.00154

nojštrich, DOCICULA (dc)

1 dc = 0.502 S

0.00206

cán, UNCIA (uc)

1 uc = 0.998 Z

0.02467

fusna, PES (p)

1 p = 0.997 F

0.29600

holpnojbára, PASSUS (ps)

1.48000

nojbára, PERTICA (pc)

1 pc = 0.624 B

2.96000

nojlejna, STADIUM (St) 1 St = 125 ps = 625 p 185.000

mejlna, MILLE (mi)

1 mi = 1.32 M

1480.00


Measures of Area

historical unit
conversion
metric value (m2)

čtvrtce, e Viertel, fírtla (Vi)

1 Vi = 1/16 Sf

1.8000

měřice, e Metzen, mecna (Me)

1 Me = 1/3 Sf

19.200

korec, r Scheffel, šefl (Sf)

 

28.500

lán, r Lahn, lán (Ln)

1 Ln = 75 Sf

2137.5

current unit

conversion

metric value (m2)
fírtla, UNCIARGRIA (ua) 1 ua = 1/12 jg 2.083
šefl, JUGERUM (jg)

1 jg = 0.877 Sf

25.00


Measures of Volume

historical unit
conversion
metrical unit (dm3)

žejdlík, r Seidel, sejdäl (Sd)

1 Sd = 1/48 Em

0.4870

máz, r Mass, más (Ms)

1.4150

pinta, e Pinte, pintna (Pt)

 

1.9490

vědro, r Eimer, ejmär (Em)

1 Em = 12 Pt

23.396

current unit
conversion
metrical unit (dm3)

klejntropfna, GUTTA (gtt)

0.000030

tropfna, DRACHMA (fl.dr)

1 fl.dr = 60 gtt

0.001875

finkärhút, UNCIA (fl.uc)

1 fl.uc = 8 fl.dr

0.015

nojmás, OCTARIUS (O)

1 O = 27 fl.uc

0.405

sejdäl, SEXTARIUS (S) 1 S = 36 fl.uc 0.540
nojpintna, CONGIUS (C) 1 C = 216 fl.uc 3.240
ejmär, AMPHORA (aa) 1 aa = 1 cu. p 25.92


Weights

historical unit
conversion
metric value (g)

kventlík, r Kvintel, kvintäl (Kv)

1 Kv = 1/64 Tn = 1/4 Lt

4.0140

lot, r Lot, lot (Lt)

1 Lt = 1/16 Tn

16.056

hřivna, r Talent, tolent (Tn)

1 Tn = 1/2 Pf = 16 Lt

256.90

libra, e Pfund, funt (Pf)

1 Pf = 1/120 Zt

514.00

centýř, r Zent, cent (Zt)

1 Zt = 120 Pf

61 728

current unit
conversion
metric value (g)

kern, GRANUM (gr)

0.0570

kvintäl, DRACHMA (dr)

1 dr = 60 gr

3.4100

nojlot, UNCIA (uc)

1 uc = 8 dr

27.250

funt, LIBRA (lb)

1lb = 12 uc

327.00

nojtolent, TALENS (tl)

 

19 620

     1 C of water at 1 atm at 39deg (max. density of water) weighs 10 LIBRAE. Each successive twelfth of a libra or pes is named thus: sextans (2); quadrans (3); triens (4); quincunx (5); semis (6); septunx (7); bessis (8); dodrans (9); dexcunx (10); deunx (11).


Multiplication: 12 - tucent (T), 15 - mondäl (M), 60 - šok (Š), 144 - króstucent (KT), 3600 - krósšok (KŠ)


Bohemian coinage has four main periods: period of denarius (denár; ca 950 - 1300), with short interperiod of bracteatus (brakeát), further, period of Grosch (groš; 1300 - 1520), period of Thaler (tolar; 1520 - 1889) and finally, period of crown (Krona, 1889 - today). In the first period, denarius was the main coin, in the second period, it was Grosch of Prague (subdivided into 12 coins; peníz). During the reign of Jean de Luxembourg, golden ducatus (dukát) was introduced. In the third period, several kinds of currency were coined: Thaler, Halbthaler (1/2), Viertelthaler (1/2), Grosch, Kreuzern, Halbkreuzern etc, till crown reform in 1892.

Thaler (tolar) was a silver coin, coined by House of Schlick since 1519 in Joachimsthal (obverse - St. Joachim, reverse - royal Czech lion), its weight was 1 lot (15 g). Commonly, 1 Thaler = 30 Groschen or 1.5 Golden (3 crowns). This coin gave name to numerous European coinages.

Golden (fr. Florin) – originaly golden coin from Firenze since 1252. These coins were substituted by ducatii. Golden became silver standardised and spread in German speaking countreis. 1 Gulden = 60 Kreuzern = 240 Pfennig.

In 1705, in the frame of new Bohemian Way, the currency reform was conducted. It was focused on unification and simplification of different kinds of coins. It was called Konventionwährung - KW; the rate of gold to silver was set to 1:14, the gold was represented by royal ducatus, silver by Thaler.

One Golden (fl) of KW had 60 Kreuzern (kr). The coins were 2 kr, 10 kr, 30 kr and 60 kr (1 fl).

Based on credit principle, since 1752, the first paper money appeared - so called Bankzetteln - 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 fl. After 1805, these were officially called in Bohemian Ti šejni (Die Kreditscheine).

In the year 1889, the crown currency was introduced (1 króna = 0.476 koltän). Króna (crown) its base, golden coins of 10, 20 and 100 K were coined, and silver coins 1, 2 and 5 K. Króna had 60 krojcärni (k) or 120 helärni (h) made of nickel-bronze alloy. This currency is used till today. The actual average monthly salary in Bohemia is 210 króni (or 100 koltni), whereas bread of 2 lb weight costs 25 helärni.

If Bohemian Kingdom enters one day the EF, the currency reform should result in 1 króna (K) = 20 krojcärni (k) = 240 helärni.



Copyright 2004,  Jan Havliš
Acknowledgments: conculture group
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