NZ (Zoggian language, зогский язык)

Introduction

Nowadays, around river Aldan does live small tribe of approximately 800 people, who call themselves zog, in English Zoggs, in Russian зоги, зогские. Their language is one of the hundreds languages in Russia, surviving in community under heavy influence of majority culture. Zoggs live in difficult political and social situation, most of them are hardly literate in Russian. The literary tradition of their language was myth until recent discoveries of David D. Khauser and his colleagues from Yakutsk University in 1987, published in journal Потерянные языка России (Lost languages of Russia), Старшее дерев в лесу - Язык ноз (Older than trees in forest Noz language) 56 (1989) 243-267. They discovered treasure of unbelievable value.

What they discovered is a literary chronicle of a nation, which includes mythology, mythical history, but since approx. 600 BC also relevant inputs on the society live. Altogether approx. 6 000 000 verses of text! The texts are mostly written on a paper-like material with permanency of plastic slide, called lpob (with meaning written memory of women) unknown to any other culture neither in the region nor in world. They are stored on hundreds different localities in Aldan valley on well-hidden places.

The revealing of this anthropological miracle begun in 60s, when the Governmental Commission for Civic Nutrition (Государственая комиссия питания граждан) found very low consumption and illegal production of alcohol in this region. This finding was lost for a long time, because officials, and police, were more interested in regions displaying opposite phenomenon. Studying influences of Evenki a Yakut cultures in their border regions, the group of anthropologists from Yakutsk, including David Khausers friend and future research partner Pavel P. Nizhnevski, re-discovered till then only vaguely described tribe, Zoggs. First and for next 150 years also last note about them is in a book of Russian traveller Yuri G. Nosov Путешество дальновосточное (Travel far east) published in Moscow 1867. He visited this region on his adventurous travel, including many different regions of Russian Far East. He was rich sheepskin merchant from Moscow, being enchanted by Jean Jacques Rousseau and books of early European anthropologists, who invented the term noble barbarian. He gathered few more interested professors from Moscow and St. Petersburg and set a travel to discover русских туземцев (Russian aboriginals). As far, he visited several locations, but he was disappointed, that what he found were mostly just drunken, dirty and unfriendly people, suffering in the Russian Empire. The scientists in his group were able to write some general notes on them till Nosov get annoyed and stopped his travel after two years of unproductive search. The book was forgotten completely unnoticed in his time. Later on, modern Russian anthropology cited some facts from it without any check until David Khauser get interested, having materials from old bureaucratic nutrition commission together with discoveries of Pavel Nizhnevski. He just intended to describe fading nation on a scene of modern world, but what he found would surprise anyone nearly 2500 years of mans history documented and unrevealed.

History of zoggian culture short sketch

Intense archaeological research along with invaluable work of David Khauser and his fellow colleagues showed several facts.

Where the Zoggs are coming from is still an unanswered question and will be until time-machine construction. Some similarities between settlements in Fu Yu region in northern China, one of the most northern Chinese settlements, and archaeological discoveries ascribed to Zogg ancestors in the regions where they were supposed to settle 4000 years ago, points on common living space or intense cultural exchange of Chinese and Zoggs. On other hand, Zoggian is unrelated to Chinese in morphology and lexicology. It stands nowadays alone among all other Far East Asian languages. Although Zoggian is isolating language with few agglutination features, its past is not inflective, as it was within the Old Chinese. Its phonology is very difficult, containing consonantial clusters similar to Old Tibetian, without use of tones. It has also its own script, which is known only to women.

Later history of Zoggs includes further moving north from the influence of different Turkic nations, establishing their short living empires where Zoggs lived. In a very short period, around 100 BC, there was confederation of zoggian town-states, which last for approx. one hudred years and then was eroded by continuous movement of nations and tribes in that region. As their texts give evidence of it, they moved to their today living space around 100 AC.

According to the chronicles, around 100 000 Zoggs were living that time and only one half decided to move. It is known as Way-out. It took half a century in which first wave departed. Next two waves followed in 100 years. The Zoggs, who remained are extinct, but the tradition of women secret cult ensured survival of several text chests of those extinct tribes.

Today Zoggs do live in three villages along with Russians and Evenki people, namely Krelskaya, Urgu and Nemki. Out of 832 Zoggs totally, 5 do live in Moscow, 7 in St. Petersburg, 21 in Yakutsk, the rest in above mentioned villages. As there are three villages, there are three clans, with three local women cult organisations who communicate frequently. The clans assemble once a year on traditional meeting to vote on this years marriages. The literacy in Russian is 6 %, in Evenki <1 %, in nz (Zoggian) 52 %.

Btw, the low alcohol consumption is an old cultural taboo. Women of Zoggs do eat special fungi, which enhances memory and other brain functions of females, but is an instant poison for any male person. Women in a state of intoxication behave like drunken. Zogg males were just deadly feared when they saw first drunken Russian. Although not all drunken Russians died of its symptoms, Zoggs are complete abstinents even in our century being afraid of womens wraith, how they call vodka.

Phonemics and phonetics

Sounds of speech

Nz (zoggian) uses 40 sounds of speech (phonemes):

VOWEL

SHORT and TRANSITIVE

 

LONG

FRONT

CENTRAL

BACK

 

FRONT

CENTRAL

BACK

[i], [ei]

[ie]

[u]

HIGH

[i:]

 

[u:]

[e]

 

[o], [oe]

MIDLLE

[e:]

 

[o:]

 

[a]

[ao], [uy]

LOW

 

[a:]

 


 

VERY LONG

 

FRONT

CENTRAL

BACK

HIGH

[i::]

 

[u::]

MIDLLE

[e::]

 

[o::]

LOW

 

[a::]

 


CONSONANTS - NOISE

Created

OCLUSIVE

SEMIOCLUSIVE

CONSTRICTIVE

Heard

EXPLOSIVE

AFRICATIVE

FRICATIVE

BILABIAL

[p], [b]

   

LABIODENTAL

   

[f], [v]

ALVEOLAR

[t], [d]

[c], [dz]

[s], [z]

VELAR

[k], [g]

 

[X]

GLOTTAL

   

[h]

In the pair the first one is voiceless, the second one voiced.



CONSONANTS - SONORS

Created

OCLUSIVE - nasal

CONSTRICTIVE - lateral

CONSTRICTIVE - vibrant

Heard

EXPLOSIVE - nasal

FRICATIVE

VIBRATIVE

BILABIAL

[m]

   

ALVEOLAR

[n]

[l]

[r]

+ glide [j].

Orthography and Pronunciation

Zoggian uses alphabet for writing down the sounds of speech. Its own script is called khuf (lit. mirroring of that, what is sensed), but it used only by woman. Historically, there was also male script, nqih (lit. counting stick), but it was forgotten after Way-out. The few words in Nosovs book were poorly transcribed using Cyrillic, D. Khauser used in the begging only IPA characters, later on, he developed Latin based script, suitable also for etymological deductions. We will use his script in this paper.

Alphabet contains 5 basic graphemes for vowels: a [a], e [e], i [i], o [o], u [u]. Then, diacritics is used for marking long vowels (acute), very long vowels (circumflex), transitive vowels (umlaut), and palatising vowels (stroke): [a:], [e:], [i:], [o:], [u:], [a:], ê [e:], [i:], [o:], û [u:], à [a::], è [e::], ì [i::], ò [o::], ù [u::], [a:], [e:], ï [i:], [o:], [u:].

Further, alphabet contains 18 graphemes for consonants : b [b], p [p], q [dz], c [c], d [d], t [t], g [g], k [k], h [h], x [ch], v [v], f [f], z [z], s [s], l [l], m [m], n [n], r [r].

In the etymological section, old zoggian consonants and vowels are marked with capital letters and diacritics: B̃ [ḅ], [ḍ̣̣z], [ḍ̣], [g̣], [ḥ], [ṿ], Z̃ [ẓ], L [l], M [m], N [n], R [r].

Syllabilics

Basic element of syllable in Zoggian is vowel in a contrast with consonants in so called closed syllable; Zoggian has no open syllables.

Symbols used:

voiced consonants CV = D, B, G, H, V

voiceless consonants CN = T, P, K, X, F

voiced sibilants SV = Z, Q

voiceless sibilants SN = S, C

liquids L = R, L

nasals N = M, N

vowels V = A, E, I, O, U

Structure of closed Zoggian syllable is as follows for single words and componential words:

single word = CVCV, CVSV, CSNVCV, CSNVSV, CLVCV, CLVSV,CNVCV, CNVCV

componential = CVCN, CVSN, CSNVCN, CSNVSN, CLVCN, CLVSN,CNVCN, CNVCN

Vowel in each syllable can be present in of the quantity, depending of its morphosyntactical role:

action quantity, short vowels [V]; a, e, i, o, u

naming quantity, long vowels [V:]; , , , ,

describing quantity, very long vowels [V::]; , ê, , , û

circumstance quantity, palatising vowels [jV]; à, è, ì, ò, ù

modal quantity, transitive vowels; [ao], [ei], ï [ie], [oe], [uy]

Morphosyntax

Zoggian is isolating language with few analytical features. The morphology and syntax is indistinguishable in Zoggian, words obtain their grammatical meaning only in sentence/communication. Z. knows monosyllabilic single and multisyllabilic componential words (words of new meaning composed of several single words). The order of meanings is as below:

Acc ^ Adj/Num ^ Dat ^ Adj/Num ^ Pred ^ Adv/Num ^ Loc ^ Adj/Num ^ Inst ^ Adj/Num ^ Nom/Pron ^ Adj/Num ^ Mod

To action and its circumstances relate: Predicate (Pred, action quantity), Adverb (Adv, circumstance quantity),

to subject/object of action relate: Accusative (Acc, naming quantity), Dative (Dat, naming quantity), Locative (Loc, naming quantity), Instrumental (Inst, naming quantity), Nominative (Nom, naming quantity), Adjective (Adj, describing quantity), Pronoun (Pron, naming quantity), Numeral (Num, circumstance quantity),

to whole sentence: Modulative (Mod, modal quantity).

Nouns

Gender

Number

Declination

Pronouns

Personal pronouns

Pronoun declination

Numerals

Cardinal numerals

Verbs

Conjugation

Voice

Tense

Prepositions

Lexicology