Pronouns name independent
objects and qualities substitutionary. They express phenomena in relations
to their role in communication, personal (I - ca), interrogative
(who - bik), and indefinite (somebody - bikyk), complementing
informations about the matter of communication along with its different nuances
(negation, identification, totalisation, quantification and self-reflexion).
Personal pronouns are declined in the same way as adjectives: (to) me - caso.
If we want to express position of speakers and also subjects mentioned in speech, the personal pronouns are derived to allow such expression:
intimate: pronoun is expanded with affix -jo (cajo, hijo, dujo, vajo, mejo, xajo), it is used between friends.
neutral: the original form is kept, speaker expresses impartiality.
deferential: expresses attitude of dependence between speakers. Every form may also be used to show respect or disrespect without any given relation between speaker and listener. Suboridination (or disrespect) is mirrored in affix -ju, seniority (or respect) with -jem.
Natural gender determinative allows to express the gender of the first and second persons singular and plural if it is obliged: I - ca, cayu [`caju] (ATENTION! caju >< cayu), caya [`caja].
In the case of third person singular and plural it came to the lasting fusion of the natural gender determinative with the pronoun: it (inanimate) - de, he (masculine) - du, she (feminine) - da, he/she (juvenile) - do, it (indifferent) - dyk, both - di, they (inanimate) - xe, they (masculine) - xu, they (feminine) - xa, they (juvenile) - xo, they (indifferent) - xyk.
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