A. is incorporating (it combines subject with intrinsic attributes),
agglutinating (prefficial-sufficial, grammatical categories
are expressed using prefixes and/or suffixes as morphems) and composing
(it creates new words mostly of existing stems) language. Words are created
of roots (lexems), carrying the general meaning (e.g. ront)
and of determinatives (morphems), which serve to express grammatical
qualities (e.g. la, o, u).
Root, modified with
determinative, becomes base for further derivation, stem, or creates
meaningful ensemble - word (monem, e.g. dog - ronto,
puppies - larontuo).
Basic part of speech,
subject, is created using connection of several stems, having thus included
other, directly not expressed, parts of speech (dog - ronto /subject/,
our white dog - rontokinva /subject + intrinsic attributes/). Lexicological,
and also morphological, changes and shifts are ruled by one and the same principle.
A. knows three basic
word types: autosemantics (nouns, verbs), independent in meaning creating
clause components, synsemantics (conjunctions, determinatives), words
dependent in meaning by connection with autosemantics, and vicesemantics
(pronouns, adverbs, interjections), which substitute autosemantics, but
their role is not to name.