Nouns of appurtenance
They name persons by their appurtenance to place or group of people: nature of appurtenance - determination of appurtenance (townsman - hasveneyu, live-town).
Different is naming of subjects of nations, states or cities, if part of it is name of it: nature of appurtenance - attributive - name (Moravian - pidrak a Morawa, citizen of Moravia).
hast (has)- live, daju (da) - part, pidra (pid) - community.
Names of places
They name outer and also inner spaces, affecting not only substance, but also actions there in: nature of place - determination of place (school - kasermite, house-teach).
Naming of geographical locality of composed origin is always using univerbization (Red fortress - Raksdare >< raksedar, fortress-red).
Exception makes naming of state formations and rivers. Name of the state is derived from ruling political regime - iler (il) - nature of regime (repres. democracy - ilmegene, regime-public), traditional is also name with -ija (originally -(e)gija, republic - megenija). Names of rivers contain traditional affix -a (Maple river - Amaza >< Tonamaze).
kasti (kas) - house, vena (ven) - place, kasti, venaleti (kas-, ven-leti) - manufacture, ase (as) - state, neja (ne) - land, pija (pi) - business, vekli (vek) - room, ina (in) - office.
They name concrete substances according to quality or relation, expressible using adhesion affix: substance - quality (northwind, - maktekse >< maketeks, wind-north).
They name qualities as abstracts, which are created by means of substantivization of former adjectives of quality or relation: veb - adjective stem (baseness - vebsteriye, have-low).
Agents of operation
They serves to name inanimate substances, using them is proceeded an operation, which is based on verb: mona - operation - object (scythe - montamhebe, thing-cut-grass; axe - montamlebiye, thing-cut-wood).
mona (mon) - thing, vista (vis) - matter, cid - language, sluri (slu) - carry.
Nouns of resulted action
They name inanimate substances, which are created as a consequence of an action or operation: cert - operation (action) (prophecy - cermostaye, do-predict).
cert (cer) - do, kic - research, delteri (del) - branch.
Circumstancive attributes holders
They name concrete substances according to local and temporal circumstances expressed with noun and postposition or adverb: lina (lin) - stem - postposition (early spring - lincibecfaze, period-spring-before) or daju (da) - adverbial root (top part - dasage).
Names of jubilees and those celebrating
These names are derived from numeral and determination of age: hol - (period) - numeral (thirty years jubilee - holiriraxlerte, last-year-thirty; thirty-year old - holiriraxlertu).
Names of substances carrying value
They name things, which carry given value: ruja (ru) - numeral ("fiver" - rulirpdine, value-lirp-five).
Names of siblings
They name sibling according to number of children born: imayor - numeral (twin - imayordojuk, sibling-two).
Names according to the sequence in
They name objects of the same nature in one group, they determine natural sequence of these objects: group member - numeral (Wednesday - leruraxe, day-three).
Plural expression using numeral
Numeral become part of the noun as a determinative substituting plural determinative: numeral - stem (three dogs - raxrontu).
Collectives are nouns describing countable sets of particularities, they are created this way: laja - stem (greenwood - lajatlum >< latlum).
Propagatives describes entities composed of more parts of the same kind or uncountable sets of particularities: laji - stem (birthday - lajiimayam >< layimayam).
Nouns may appear in forms of expressives, emotionally coloured terms. They are divided into two main categories augmentives (usually deterrenting), stem - ze - other determinatives, and deminutives, stem - ez - other determinatives (mongrel - rontzeyu, doggie - rontezu).
They name persons according to what are they doing: verbal stem - natural gender determinative (a smith - upanu).
They name actions and states are particularities: action - inanimate gender determinative (a forging - upane).
Names of numbers and digits
Abstracts of numerals are used to name numbers and digits: numeral - inanimate gender determinative (three - raxe) or fractions: portion - pa - inanimate gender determinative (third - raxpaye).
Names of group according to count
They name groups, sets, according to number of members, elements: count - bi - gender determinative (couple - dojubi(k)e).
Specific determinatives may expand the meaning of a noun: stem - determinative; age, originality (ne), higher grade in hierarchy (ac), lower grade in hierarchy (ak), representation (ex), the past (te), the future (ta), share (or), opposition (ox), direct relation to actor (ija): (fellow citizen - pidrayoryk).
Appreciating of a substance may be done using specific determinative: stem - determinative; imperfection (fo), imitation (vi), conviction (hu), negation (oja): (pseudoscientist - kicfoyu).
Substantives resultative passive
Substantives passive resultative name phenomena caused by action: action - n - inanimate gender determinative (word - tojune).
Adhesion affixes of circumstancive
These affixes are derived from nouns of circumstancive attributes holders, including those created using postpositions: substantive stem - postposition (antigovernmental - -mafayor) or lina, daju - adverbial stem (of this year - -linayoiri).
Hierarchical adhesion affixes
Affixes determining hierarchy are expressed through idiomatic connection: ilta - numeral (primary - -iltapaji).
Relation adhesion affixes
Affixes determining relation (generally with all names, which may express relation, e.g. possession within nouns) may include besides the relation itself also with respect to whom is this relation appreciated: relation stem - personal pronoun (good /for me/ - -lataca).
Adhesion affixes of possible action
These affixes name quality, which follows from possibility of action interference: ari (ar) - stem (colourable - -arkum, be capable of-colour).
Adhesion affixes generically possessive
These affixes express relation to the group of persons or species: stem - animate gender
determinative (parental - -imak).
Relation to place
These derivates express relation to place: vena (ven) - nature of the relation (northern - -venteks).
Adhesion affixes of origin of material
They serve to express composition: vista (vis) - stem (copper - -visvim).
Qualitative adhesion affixes
They express character of composition differentiating them from other substances: veb - differentiating mark (large-eyed - -vebpek).
Adhesion affixes of process
Affixes of process express actual practising of an action: action - af (working - -rujinaf).
Adhesion affixes resultative passive
These affixes express qualities caused by action: action - n (coloured - -kumyn).
Adhesion affixes resultative active
These affixes express state, which subject reached effectively: action - uf (the one, who work for it - -rujinumuf).
Adhesion affixes resultative
These affixes express state after the action: action - p (rotten - -ojulehyp).
Adhesion affixes of a purpose
They express quality in adaptation for operation acting, it does not relates to actor: operation - adjective determinative (washing - -vex).
Adhesion affixes with changed rate
This category allows to intensify quality saving the indicative of this affix: stem - determinative; increased rate (aja), great rate (ag), the highest rate (agi), admission of the higher rate (eja), decreased rate (eje), incomplete rate (vi): (even the most beautiful - -umeleja).
Composed adhesion affixes derived
of animate nouns
Composed adhesion affixes (generally for all parts of speech) connect in them two equivalent substances, expressed with the similar stem in the same hierarchy level: (similar stem) - stem - ge - stem (physico-chemical - -ajunagefarn).
Ambivalent adhesion affixes
These adffixes express ambivalent relation of speaker or other person to described: adverbial stem - ge-oja (not good not bad - -latageoja).
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